Are you planning to lighten your hair for a new look? Do you want to know how you can lighten your hair at home?
If the answer is ‘yes’ then you have come to the right place because this article will guide you and provide you with all the information related to lightening your hair to a different shade. Basically in the fashion industry, lightening your hair is simply termed as bleaching your hair to a shade that suits you the most.
The natural color of your hair is due to a pigment called melanin. Bleaching your hair involves stripping off the pigment from your hair and giving your hair a lighter color tone. The bleaching process involves an alkaline agent that opens up your hair cuticles followed by an oxidative agent that will dissolve all the melanin in your hair. The longer it is left in your hair, the lighter your hair becomes.
If you are planning to lighten your hair then you have to prepare your hair for that because it works best on virgin unprocessed hair. Hair experts suggest not processing your hair three months before lightening your hair.
Hair experts recommend that you should not bleach your hair at home without proper precaution because bleaching is an intense process. If one step goes wrong then you have to suffer the consequences.
If you are planning to lighten your hair, then you must first consult your hair colorist to get the proper guidance about it. If you have dark brown or black hair then one round of lightning stage would not give you bright blonde hair. You have to go through several stages to achieve this color tone. This will take about 3 to 4 months then you will have bright blonde hair.
Romans were the first to use the lightning method. Nowadays different celebrities use this technique to give themselves a new look. From Zac Efron to Kanye West, different male singers and actors have tried the lightning technique.
7 Stages of Lightening Hair:
There are different stages of lightening your hair which is named after the hair color:
Stage01: Medium brown
This is the first stage achieved after bleaching the dark-colored hair. If you have black or dark brown hair then after applying bleach to your hair, the dark pigments from your hair are completely removed in this stage.
Stage02: Light brown
This is the second stage after bleaching your hair and it is the widely used color as far as the bleaching is concerned. Most of the women use this color as the starting point of the bleaching process and go towards the lighter color tone.
Stage03: Dark blonde
In this color, yellow pigments are added. Dark blonde color often looks like light brown. If you have planned to go for this color then you have to be careful in choosing and recognizing the dark blonde color.
Stage04: Medium blonde
This color looks like stages 2 and 3 of the bleaching process. But the main difference is that it contains lighter brown pigment as compared to stage 3. To achieve this color tone in the bleaching process, you need to have a lot of experience.
Stage05: Light blonde
The degree of lightening your hair depends upon the total length of time for which the product is left after its application. This color tone can be achieved if you leave the lightning product for a too long period of time. Colorists commonly called this stage an intense bleaching stage because it will look like an orange color. The recommended time limit to leave the bleaching mixture is 45 minutes. To achieve this stage of lightening your hair, you have to leave the bleaching mixture a little longer.
Stage06: Very light blonde
This is a very dull and pale yellow color because all the bright yellow pigments have been removed after reaching this stage. If you want to lighten your hair to this stage then you have to go through at least 7 color degradation stages of lightening if you have dark brown or black hairs.
Stage07: Extra light blonde white silver
This stage of lightening hair cannot be achieved at home because for this stage you have to go through an intense process. So colorists recommend that you must go to a salon if you want to lighten your hair till this stage.
This color almost looks like an invisible blonde. If you have black hair and you want to lighten your hair too dark blonde then you have to go through different bleaching stages to achieve the color of your choice.
- Stage 1: Your hair color will change from black to medium brown as melanin will start to strip off from your hair.
- Stage 2: In this stage, your hair color will change from medium brown to light brown.
- Stage 3: In this stage, the light brown color will change into dark blonde.
- Stage 4: If you want to lighten your black-colored hair more to a very light blonde, then you have to go through 6 stages to achieve this color.
- Stage 5: In the first stage you have go for medium brown color. Then from medium brown to light brown in the second stage. After light brown, you have to go for dark brown then from dark brown to medium blonde, from medium blonde to light blonde and in the last stage, you have to go for very light blonde.
- Stage 6: At this stage, all the melanin from your hair will be removed completely. If you are planning for the last stage color then you have to visit a salon to carefully go through all the above-mentioned stages.
These six stages will be fully achieved after the three-week gap between each stage. In between this gap, you have to deeply moisturize your hair because bleaching is a harsh process that will leave your hair dry.
Which Bleaching Stage Should you Reach to Apply the Color you Want?
The bleaching mixture or color has a certain number on it which indicates the hair dye and levels of bleaching hair you want to reach.
Stage 1: Medium brown
For medium brown color, you have to go for hair dye no. 4 which is chestnut, and for light brown no. 5.
Stage 2: Light brown:
For achieving this stage, you have to go for light brown no. 5 color and dark blonde no. 6.
Stage 3: Dark blonde:
For this stage, you have to go for dark blonde no.6 and blonde no. 7.
Stage 4: Medium blonde:
For achieving this shade, you have to go for the blonde no.7, light blonde no. 8, and very light blonde no. 9
Stage 5: Light blonde:
For this shade, you have to go for extra light blonde no. 10.
Stage 6: Very light blonde:
For this bleaching color, you have to choose a very light blonde no. 10 and a fantasy color.
Stage 7: Extra light blonde:
For this shade, you have to choose an extra light blonde no. 11 and an extra lightening blonde no. 120 and fantasy colors.
The bleaching stage you want to achieve will determine the number and name of the hair dye you want to try.
If you want to try light blonde no.8 then you have to reach stage 5 of the bleaching level. Similarly, if you want to try extra light platinum blonde no. 10 then you go for the 6th stage of the bleaching level.
Important Precautions to Take Before Bleaching Hair:
Before bleaching your hair, there are certain precautions that you have to take in order to get the color tone of your choice.
Avoid washing your hair before bleaching them because washing your hair before bleaching will remove all the natural oil produced by your scalp. This natural oil is responsible for protecting your hair from scalp irritation after bleaching.
Bleaching the greasy hair is recommended because in this condition your hair is well protected against the bleaching process. It is recommended not to wash your hair for at least 72 hours before the bleaching process.
You should also avoid bleaching your wet because it will not be as effective as it will be on dry hairs. Applying bleach to your dry hair will help you remove your current hair color more effectively.
The time limit to leave bleach in your hair depends upon which hair bleach brand you are using. In general, the time limit recommended for leaving bleach in your hair is 45 minutes. More than this time limit will leave your hair looking burned.
It is also recommended to deep condition your hair to maintain the moisture in your hair. It is important to take extra care of your bleached hair. After bleaching your hair, you should avoid any kind of heat treatment like blow dry, flat iron, or curling your hair every day.
Use color-enhancing shampoo and conditioner. Use a microfiber towel because it will help you to maintain the natural texture of your hair. Avoid using shampoo and hair products that contain sulfates and alcohol because it will drive away all the moisture of your hair make your hair look drier and frizzier.
Try to use the hair masks once a week. Dry your hair gently after washing them and use cooler water when you wash your hair. Sleep on a pillow made of silk as it will be much gentler than a cotton pillowcase. You should also trim your hair regularly.
Lightening or bleaching hair is a technique in which the natural color of your hair is given a lighter color. The main ingredient used to bleach hair is an oxidizing agent which is hydrogen peroxide which is mixed with ammonia to make an alkaline solution. It is a process in which melanin is stripped off from the hair and when melanin is oxidized, oxygen gas is released. If bleaching of hair is done at home then the concentration of hydrogen peroxide is maintained at 6% and if it is done in a hair salon then its concentration is maintained up to 9%.
Hair bleaching ingredients have been extensively tested over many years. They are found to be safe. The ingredients of the bleaching mixture are tested individually and they are also assessed to make sure that they do not cause scalp irritation or allergic reactions.
Before bleaching your hair, you should know the exact color of your hair before bleaching. You should have complete information about the different shades of lightening hair. This information will help you determine the exact stage of lightening your hair, Let me also share you video from youtube,
Bleaching of hair should be done on virgin unprocessed hair. You should leave your hair untreated with any type of harsh chemical three months before bleaching your hair. You should first consult your hair colorist before bleaching your hair. There are different stages of bleaching or lightening your hair depending upon the natural color of your hair. These stages start from a darker shade and end up in a lighter shade. There are 7 realistic stages of lightening your hair.
The bleaching mixture has a certain number on it which will help you identify the stage you want to try on your hair.
For example, for the medium brown shade, you have to go for chestnut no. 4 and light brown no. 5. Similarly it applies to each stage.
Before bleaching your hair, you have to take certain precautions. You should avoid washing your hair before bleaching them because washing your hair before bleaching will remove all the natural oil produced by your scalp and it can also cause scalp irritation. You should apply the bleaching mixture to dry hair rather than to wet hair. You should also keep in mind the total time to apply bleach on your hair which is a maximum of 45 minutes.
If you leave the mixture more than the recommended time then it leaves your hair looking burned. You should also take care of your hair after the bleaching process. Avoid using shampoo or hair products that contain sulfates or alcohol. Trim your hair regularly and use hair masks once a week to keep your hair hydrated.